“No one ever conceived of a more sophisticated and dynamic philosophical history than Hegel. His system is built around three fundamental ideas.”
In summary …
First, the key to human agency is self-consciousness. For people to be doing anything in any real human sense is to know what we are doing as we do it.
Secondly, self-consciousness is always a matter of locating ourselves in a kind of social space of ‘I’ and ‘we’.
Third, there are ways in which things can go better or worse and we can make it possible to become new, different and better versions of ourselves. But what we can make of ourselves depends on where we are in history.
… but what we can make of ourselves depends on where we are in history.
Hegel’s search for the universal patterns of history revealed a paradox: freedom is coming into being, but is never guaranteed
Read the whole thing at Aeon : What is history? Nobody gave a deeper answer than Hegel